The phrase “the clash of civilizations” comes from a 1993 article and 1996 book of the same name by Samuel P. Huntington, an American professor of political science at Harvard. Huntington says that with the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991 the main threat to world peace will be the clash of civilizations. The West will find itself increasingly challenged by China and the Muslim world.
With the world no longer divided by ideology like it was during the Cold War, cultural identity matters most. That means countries will tend to band together – and break apart – along the fault lines of civilizations: Western, Islamic, etc.
Examples of this realignment (by 1996):
- Islamist terrorism,
- the rise of the European Union,
- the expansion of NATO,
- fault line wars: Bosnia, Chechnya, Sudan, Sri Lanka, Eritrea, East Timor, Mindanao.
As of 1996:
- top civilization: Western (led by US).
- challenger civilizations: Sinic (led by China), Islamic.
- swing civilizations: African, Latin American, Hindu (led by India), Buddhist, Japanese and Orthodox (led by Russia),
The West will remain on top in the near future. For now no other civilization can hope to defeat it outright in war. But it will be increasingly challenged by Sinic and Islamic civilizations, with the swing civilizations siding with or against it. That means:
- Democracy and strong human rights will become less common as the West becomes less able to force its values on others.
- Weapons of mass destruction and terrorism will spread as a way to balance the West’s huge advantage in war.
- Immigration to the West, especially Muslim, Mexican and African, will threaten to weaken it culturally from within.
The kinds of nation states that make up each civilization:
- Core states – take the lead: Russia, US, China, Japan, India. Civilizations without a core state (in 1996): Islamic, African and Latin American.
- Member states – the rank and file: Bahrain, Belgium, Bostwana, Bolivia, etc.
- Cleft states – divided between two civilizations. Likely to sink into civil war, break apart or practise ethnic cleansing. Examples: Ukraine, Nigeria, Lebanon, Yugoslavia, Sudan, Sri Lanka, Malaysia, Philippines, China.
- Torn states – want to join another civilization. It never works out. Examples: Turkey, Mexico, Australia.
Lone states do not belong to any civilization, like Haiti, Ethiopia and, apparently, Israel.
The US is in danger of becoming a cleft state through immigration, especially Mexican immigration to the south-west, which used to be part of Mexico. Non-Hispanic whites are set to become a minority nationwide, further weakening the country culturally – just when the West will most need its leadership.
Huntington is an Orientalist, anti-Asianist and white supremacist. He views the US through a diseased host model where White Americans are the “true” Americans while other Americans are a threat – to their own country.
In terms of Andrea Smith’s Three Pillars of White Supremacy, Huntington is Third Pillar all the way: Islamophobia, Yellow Peril, the Mexican Reconquista, all of that.
Huntington does not ask what is best for the world as a whole or even the US as a whole, but what is best for white people.