“Appeal to the Coloured Citizens of the World, but in particular, and very expressly, to those of the United States of America” (1829) by David Walker, a free Black American, was a forceful condemnation of slavery and racism. In America it was a guiding light for Blacks. It radicalized Whites. It was banned in the South.
Walker urges Whites to repent before it was too late. Sooner or later God’s judgement would come down on America for what it was doing to Blacks. Either the country would sink into civil war, brother against brother, or a slave uprising would lead to the mass killing of Whites. One way or another, God would see to it that the slaves were freed. Because God is a God of justice.
Scripture: Whites loved to quote verses where slaves were told to obey their masters. And then add stuff about whips and chains.
They did not quote Luke 6:31:
And as ye would that men should do to you, do ye also to them likewise.
or Acts 10:34-35:
God is no respecter of persons: But in every nation he that feareth him, and worketh righteousness, is accepted with him.
Race is a distinction made by Whites, not by God.
White American Christianity is fake. Preachers go on and on about Free Masonry, Intemperance, Sabbath breaking, Sabbath mails and Infideility – and say almost nothing about slavery!
White American slavery is much worse than that practised by Egyptians, Greeks, Romans or Turks. Mainly because Whites do not see slaves as humans but as being like horses or worse. They kill them, beat them, whip them, cut them. They prevent them from becoming Christians. They prevent them from getting an education. Unlike Whites:
- The Egyptians saw slaves as human.
- The Romans prized slaves with good educations.
- The Turks would never think of throwing slaves into the sea.
- The Greeks would not think of breaking up families.
Whites have hearts of stone. They kill Blacks by inches. But Blacks bear some of the blame – for not rising up, for sometimes siding with Whites.
Scientific racism: Walker takes apart Thomas Jefferson’s scientific racism piece by piece. He says that, “unless we refute Mr. Jefferson’s arguments respecting us, we will only establish them.”
Back to Africa: Slaveholders saw free Blacks as troublemakers and wanted to get rid of them by sending them to Liberia. Walker says that Blacks have as much right to be in America as Whites do. It is their mother country too, a land watered with their tears and their blood.
Revolution: He calls the American Revolution the first revolution! He quotes the Declaration of Independence at length and says that White oppression against Blacks is far worse than British oppression against Whites ever was.
Multiracial society: Walker pictures an America where slaves are freed, where Blacks and Whites have equal rights. But even in a free society, Blacks would still have trouble because they lack education, religion and unity.