What I could find out about this day a hundred years ago:
It was a Thursday.
- Mexico agrees to return US soldiers taken prisoner at the Battle of Carrizal last week. They were Buffalo Soldiers (10th Cavalry) sent to Mexico take Pancho Villa, dead or alive. Villa had raided Columbus, New Mexico in March.
- Iowa (pictured above):
- “I washed some this morning and gave the house a good cleaning up. Went to town in afternoon for an hour. I ironed late in afternoon and made fruit salad and fixed yeast to bake bread tomorrow. warm today.”
- St Joseph, Missouri:
- Otto Rohwedder is working on inventing sliced bread.
- Ruth Warrick is born. In 1941 she will play the first wife of Citizen Kane. From 1970 to 2005 she will play Phoebe Tyler on the television soap opera “All My Children”.
- It is 27 degrees Celsius at Purdue University.
- The Ringling Bros circus is in Elyria.
- New Jersey:
- The Victor Talking Machine Company records “Janet’s Choice” by Louise Homer:
- Washington, DC:
- The Boston Red Sox lose to the Washington Senators, 0 to 3.
- New York
- There are 49 new cases of polio.
- The “Ziegfeld Follies” is on Broadway, starring W.C. Fields and Fanny Brice.
- Chicago Tribune:
- “MEXICO GIVES UP CAPTIVES – Capital Sees Peril of War Growing Less”
- “Reason Why Of Death Tryst Haunts Orpet”
- “Cop Murdered: Twenty Negroes of the Eighth Regiment Are Held in Guardhouse”
- Marcus Garvey is on 38-state speaking tour.
- magazine covers:
- Roger Casement, Irish nationalist and leader of the failed Easter Rising in April, is sentenced to death for treason.
- The British are working on inventing the tank.
- Loses Fort Mattassone to Italy.
- Loses 10,000 soldiers to Russia as prisoners of war.
- Dead sailors from the Battle of Jutland four weeks ago are still washing ashore.
Is fighting the Germans at Verdun. By Christmas 300,000 men will have died there
Y Day: The British are bombing the Germans to prepare for the Battle of the Somme.
Tolkien, second lieutenant in the Lancashire Fusiliers, is on his way to the Battle of the Somme. He might be in this picture:
A New Zealand soldier:
“Fine but cloudy and old cold side. Went to Pont de Nieppe cemetery where i was told Cousin Nev was buried. Misinformed and he probably lies at Loos – 8 or 10 miles away. Large number of French, English and New Zealand graves – all in long rows. Most graves covered in growing flowers; but at present the NZ ones are only new and no flowers yet set. Sad sight to see all the newly made graves.”
Oxfordshire & Buckinghamshire Light Infantry (The 2/4th Battalion), killed in action:
- Private Caleb (Kaleb) Arthur Wyatt, 26;
- Private Walter Edward Frank Smith;
- Lance Corporal William Henry Rimmer, 20;
- Lance Corporal Reginald Leslie Pink;
- Private Harry Parker;
- Lance Corporal Albert Norris, 21;
- Private (Signaller) Noah Davies Huzzey, 21;
- Lance Sergeant Victor Maurice Elliott, 29;
- Private George Gladstone Burge;
- Private Leslie Hine, 18, grave unknown, pictured below:
On Saturday the British will lose 19,240 men at the Battle of the Somme.
– Abagond, 2016.
Sources: Twitter: 100 Years Ago Today, Twitter: World War I Live, Tumblr: WWI covered live, Chicago Tribune, DIY History Iowa, Oxfordshire & Buckinghamshire Light Infantry (The 2/4th Battalion), Stuff, Omniatlas, Black Past.