Eugenics (fl. 1880s-1940s) aims to make the human race better through selective breeding, by controlling who can have children. It is what humans have been doing to cats and dogs and cows and pigs for thousands of years. The eugenics movement reached its height in the early 1900s in the US and Germany.
Some of its achievements:
- Forced sterilization of at least 65,000 in the US and some 400,000 in Germany, mainly the mentally disabled, Black “Rhineland Bastards” and criminals.
- Extermination, killing some 5 million Jews, 1.8 million Slavs, 220,000 Romani, 200,000 mentally disabled people and 5,000 homosexuals by the Germans.
- Immigration laws to keep the US, Canada and Australia White.
- Marriage laws to prevent Whites from marrying Blacks (in the US) and Jews (in Germany).
- Planned Parenthood in poor Black neighbourhoods in the US.
- The Mississippi appendectomy: Fannie Lou Hamer and at least 60% of the Black women in her county had their wombs taken out against their will or knowledge. The same went on in Boston and New York and no doubt elsewhere.
- The Pioneer Fund, which paid for much of the research behind “The Bell Curve” (1994).
In 1883, Francis Galton, cousin of Charles Darwin, invented the term “eugenics”, from the Greek eugenes, “well-born”. He added -ics to make it sound like a science, like physics. Galton studied twins and geniuses, concluding that intelligence comes mainly from your parents at birth. He wanted the government to give money to highly intelligent people who married each other and had children. That never caught on.
What caught on was turning eugenics against people who were mentally disabled, poor, criminal, Black, Jewish, Polish, etc. The genes of well-to-do people of northern European blood – the genes of people just like the eugenicists, in other words – needed to be saved for the sake of mankind!
In the US this was done through laws on immigration, sterilization and marriage, by pushing birth control, especially in poor Black neighbourhoods. Margaret Sanger, who gave us the term “birth control” (1914), often quoted W.E.B. Du Bois:
“The mass of ignorant Negroes still breed carelessly and disastrously, so that the increase among Negroes, even more than the increase among whites, is from that portion of the population least intelligent and fit, and least able to rear their children properly.”
Eugenics in the US was taught at top universities. It was backed by the Carnegie Institution, the Rockefeller Foundation, Republican and Democratic lawmakers, by the Supreme Court itself. It was opposed by Catholics and socialists.
In the early 1930s, Hitler rose to power and took US eugenic laws as a model. And then went one step further: extermination.
Hitler gave eugenics a bad name, but the eugenic mindset lives on, at least in the US:
- Norplant birth control was aimed at Black teenage girls – even though White teenage girls had more babies out of wedlock.
- Overpopulation: India, Japan and Haiti are commonly seen as “overpopulated”, but not the Netherlands, Belgium or Israel. People per square kilometre:
- 411 Netherlands,
- 371 Israel,
- 368 India,
- 362 Haiti,
- 355 Belgium,
- 337 Japan.
Darwin, by the way, was against the idea of eugenics.
– Abagond, 2016.
- The Nadir of American race relations
- Black illegitimacy argument
- Fannie Lou Hamer
- Charles Darwin – against eugenics
- Mendel – misunderstood by eugenicists
- IQ test – an instrument of eugenics that grew out of Galton’s work