Conquest (by -8000) is taking and keeping land by military means. Conquest goes back to at least -8000, when the walls of Jericho were first built. The English word comes from the last conquerors of England: the Norman French.
The conquered: The four main ways to deal with the conquered:
- Taxation: Leave them pretty much alone so long as they pay tribute or taxes or give over enough land. Examples: Persian Empire, Norman French.
- Assimilation: privilege or force one’s culture (language, religion, etc) on them. This is in addition to taxation. Examples: the Arab Empire privileged its culture, while the French and ISIS forced theirs, as did Anglo Americans in the late stages of their conquest.
- Deportation: kick them out. Examples: Babylonian Captivity of the Jews, Cherokee Trail of Tears.
- Annihilation: wipe them out – aka genocide. This is above and beyond the battles and massacres necessary for mere conquest. Examples: Taino and Tasmanian genocides.
Nothing says a conqueror has to stick to just one of these.
The conquerors: The people of a conquering nation, meanwhile, are often heavily brainwashed. You get otherwise intelligent people like Victor Hugo saying stuff like this about conquest:
“It is civilization marching against barbarism. It is an enlightened people setting out to meet a people living in darkness. We are the Greeks of the world, we must enlighten the world.”
Words and phrases to make murder respectable:
- Manifest Destiny,
- The White Man’s Burden,
- Freedom and Democracy,
- War on Terror.
Lao-tzu was not among the brainwashed:
“He who delights in conquest, delights in pain.”
Conflating conquest and genocide: Anglo apologists first assume that all human societies are bent on conquest, when in fact few are. Second, they project their own extreme sort of conquest onto all other conquerors. So, for example, they assume the Arab Empire wiped out North Africans and then violently forced their religion on those who remained. Because that is what Anglos did to Native Americans. In fact, it took 700 years for Egypt to become mostly Muslim.
Compare: 512 years after conquest:
- Egypt: over 50% Christian.
- US: 0.003% Native by religion.
“Tribalism”: Anglo Americans project their own extreme history – not even Genghis Khan went so far – onto all of history, all the way back to the invention of the spear. That makes what they do seem “normal”, “natural”, “understandable”, “inevitable”, part of “the human condition”, a thing not to be questioned. So it barely enters their heads that instead of genocide they could have, say, created a multiracial society, or respected Native American sovereignty – or gone back to Europe. No one “needed” tobacco.
Technological determinism: If genocidal conquest was technologically determined, then the Americas would be, say, 75% Chinese, not 50% European. New Zealand would be 2% Maori, not 15%. There would be, say, 3 million Berbers in North Africa, not 36 million. And so on. The US is an extreme case. There was nothing normal or inevitable about it.
Making past genocides “reasonable” makes future genocides “reasonable” – and therefore more likely.
– Abagond, 2015.
- Anglo Americans
- Genghis Khan
- technocentric history
- guns, germs and steel
- clash of civilizations