The hate crime rate is the number of hate crimes per million committed against a given race, religion, sexual orientation, disability or other such group. Hate crimes are committed against someone because of the group they belong to. Most crimes, like robbing banks or selling drugs, are not like that.
The number of hate crimes committed in 2009 against different groups in America according to the FBI:
|1415||gay, lesbian, bisexual|
|84||American Indian/Alaskan Native|
|10||atheist, agnostic, etc|
The rate per million:
|61.5||gay, lesbian, bisexual|
|34.2||American Indian/Alaskan Native|
|0.2||atheist, agnostic, etc|
The rate for gays is not a solid number since no one is sure how many people are gay, lesbian or bisexual. I used 7.5% from the 2010 National Survey of Sexual Health and Behavior.
Is it harder to be black than white Jewish or white gay? It would seem so since being black is harder to hide. But in practice it seems to make little difference when it comes to hate crimes.
Are blacks more racist than whites? I often get comments like this:
I think Larry Elder pointed out that blacks are in fact more racist than whites. Certainly that is supported by data on interracial violence.
Every now and then I also get a comment about how blacks are violently racist against Asians followed by some frightening tale.
So what do the hate crime numbers say?
In the 63% of cases where the police know who did it:
|1503||white on black|
|304||black on white|
|11||black on Asian|
|10||Asian on black|
Whites are the bigger threat to Asians too:
|72||white on Asian|
|2||Asian on white|
Note that “Asian” here means Pacific Islanders too.
The natural racism model: Some say that every one is equally racist, that it is just part of human nature. Whites are not more evil: there are just more of them to do evil.
So here are the same numbers again, only this time in parentheses are what a “natural racism” model would predict (assuming the same overall number of hate crimes):
|1503||white on black (1127)|
|304||black on white (242)|
|11||black on Asian (15)|
|10||Asian on black (14)|
|72||white on Asian (421)|
|2||Asian on white (83)|
Natural racism predicts that whites will commit 2.7 times more hate crimes against blacks than Asians – because there are 2.7 times more blacks. But instead the number is 20.9. Whites are way more racist against blacks than Asians.
Hate crimes as a percentage of the value predicted by “natural racism”:
|133%||white on black|
|127%||black on white|
|73%||black on Asian|
|71%||Asian on black|
|17%||white on Asian|
|2%||Asian on white|
By this measure Asians are right to see blacks as more racist than whites when it comes to hate crimes – though not enough to make up for their lack of numbers compared to whites.
But whites have no such reason to think blacks are more racist than they are.