Tom Horne (1945- ) is an American lawyer and white Republican of the Tea Party sort. In 2012 he is the attorney general for the state of Arizona, but is best known for pushing HB 2281, Arizona’s ban on ethnic studies, during his term as the state superintendent of public schools (2003-2011).
Horne also fully supports SB 1070, the Arizona law that allows the police to stop anyone for their papers to prove they belong in the country.
He is for English-only instruction in schools.
In Horne v Flores (2009) parents in Nogales took Horne to court for not providing enough money to teach Latino children English. The case went all the way to the Supreme Court, which ruled 5-4 in Horne’s favour. Horne is proud that it saved Arizona taxpayers $300 million.
The Horne timeline:
- 1945: born in Montreal, Canada to Jewish parents who fled Poland in the late 1930s. Those of his family who stayed behind were killed by Hitler.
- 1954: Now an immigrant to the U.S., Horne becomes a citizen.
- 1963: goes to the March on Washington and hears Martin Luther King, Jr’s “I Have a Dream” speech.
- 1967: graduates Harvard magna cum laude.
- 1970: gets a law degree from Harvard Law.
- 1970: SEC bans him for life from trading securities for having lied to his customers and the SEC about his finances. He goes bankrupt – something he would later lie about too on government forms.
- 1972: Passes the Arizona bar. Practises law there for the next 30 years. Rated one of the most ethical lawyers in the state – by other lawyers.
- 1978-2002: member and later president of the Paradise Valley School Board in suburban Phoenix.
- 1997-2001: representative in Arizona’s House of Representatives
- 2003-2011: state superintendent of public schools. Pushes HB 2281. Requires Social Studies to teach more about the Greeks and Romans.
- 2011-present: state attorney general. Joins a lawsuit with other states to challenge Obamacare as unconstitutional.
In 2006 Chicano activist Dolores Huerta told high school students in Tucson that “Republicans hate Latinos.” When Horne sent his deputy to Tucson, some of the students turned their backs on her and raised their fists in the air.
From that point on Horne worked towards shutting down Mexican American Studies at Tucson. To do this he pushed a law to ban ethnic studies, HB 2281. The law was written in such a way that any ethnic studies programme could be banned, but it was applied to only one programme at one school district: Mexican American Studies at Tucson.
Horne says he is colour-blind. He says that knowing a person’s race tells you nothing about that person, that people should judged only as individuals. He quotes Martin Luther King, Jr that people should:
not be judged by the colour of their skin but by the content of their character.
Yet he applied HB 2281 only against Mexican American Studies, not against Pan-Asian or African American Studies at the same schools – much less against Social Studies, which he made even more Eurocentric.
Other policies and actions of his show the same pattern of favouring whites over Latinos. Because, apparently, that is what Martin would do.
- HB 2281: Arizona’s law to ban ethnic studies
- Books banned from Tucson classrooms - HB 2281 in action!
- Arizona SB 1070
- Quoting MLK - whites pick on the same quote and use it to cover their racism
- colour blind racism: the four frames - Horne is an excellent example of frame #1: abstract liberalism
- Pay No Attention to the Slurs in FRONT of the Curtain…. - the Tea Party in action!
- If the Holocaust was black history